Bulb planting is not a task for the faint hearted. It gives no instant gratification and can be back and wrist breaking work, especially if the soil is hard and compacted, but it is one of those jobs in the garden that provides a reward that far outstrips the effort involved. Even more so if, like me, you have completely forgotten the pain by the time those little shoots start pushing through the soil. 

Last November I must have planted close to 5000 bulbs in various gardens in London and Surrey. They ranged from tiny crocus and grape hyacinth to the huge exotic crown imperial (Fritillaria imperialis) and everything in between. Planting bulbs at this time of year is an excellent way of getting the garden ready for the winter. You are absolutely forced to clear every weed and leaf from the borders and to cut back perennials to give you debris free ground on which to position the bulbs ready for planting. There is something very beautiful about drifts of unplanted tulip bulbs, perfectly placed, glinting softly in the autumn sunshine in the exact positions where the vibrant blooms will appear in April or May.

I like to plant tulips in teardrop-shaped drifts, daffodils in clumps and alliums dotted through borders in a continuous sine wave shaped line from the front to the back of the border along its length. I use snowdrops and crocuses near front doors, along driveways and close to the house. They look particularly good on banks and under trees too, but the squirrels love them, so watch out! Cyclamen hederifolium is perfect for under acers when the timing works perfectly. You will just get the autumn leaf colour when they come into flower and then the fallen leaves form a colourful carpet beneath. 

I plant daffodils in groups, in odd numbers. I particularly like dwarf and miniature daffodils for containers. A couple of my favourite dwarf varieties are the bright yellow Tete a Tete which is an excellent naturaliser, and the less common Elka, a delicate free flowering little daffodil with milky white pointed perianth petals and a creamy yellow trumpet that fades to creamy white.

For large borders, I love mid-season tulips for their bold colour in April and May. They have strong stems and are therefore weather resistant and give you the opportunity to have some fun with colour.

Try Annie Schilder, a stunning soft orange flushed with pink merging to golden orange at the edges of the petals, with a very dark stem that contrasts beautifully. I also love the apricot orange of Apricot Foxx, the petals are flushed with salmon pink on the outside and merge to soft apricot yellow at the edges. New Design is another favourite. It has a soft yellow flower merging into light pink towards the edges of the petals that are outlined in rosy red. It also has unusually attractive foliage that has a silvery edge with a flush of soft pink. Or for a really zingy deep fuchsia pink, try Barcelona, it is spectacular. If you are a purist and simply must have white, White Dream is a lovely example of a classic rounded bloom and long lasting too.

If you are going to choose one single allium, Purple Sensation is always a great addition to the June border. But if you want to try something a bit more unusual, plant Allium cernuum, with pendant pink flowers on near black stems, or Allium Hair which is just like sphaerocephalon with long, irregular fresh green stems emerging from its rich reddish-purple centre. Both are lovely in large planted containers for an early summer display and make good talking points too!

If you got your bulbs in last autumn, you should be starting to see the appearance of snowdrops now and maybe the beginnings of the dwarf and early daffodils. So sit back and watch those hidden gems emerge! 



A Chelsea Show Garden Story

It was a cold, sunny day in February when I first met garden designer Darren Hawkes at a coffee shop on Kings Road. He had come up from Fowey in Cornwall to meet the RHS at The Royal Hospital to view the area he had been allocated by the Chelsea Flower Show organisers for the Brewin Dolphin Garden.

Over a frothy cappuccino, Darren explained that he had a dream for Chelsea 2015... that it would be enjoyed by everyone working on it. So much time and energy was to be spent in the creation of his beautiful and striking design that it had to be a great experience. I was to be leading the planting team and working with his landscaping company, Wheelbarrow, and I loved the idea that I would be part of a team where a philosophy of fun would keep stress at bay.

Our next meeting was at Kelways in Somerset in early April. Kelways were to supply the plants for the garden and this was an opportunity to see the plants, to look at the planting plan in more detail and to meet another two key members of the planting team. One was a florist from Cornwall who grew all her own flowers and the other a fabric designer from London, both old friends of the designer and very creative.

So, apart from a great team, what do you need to plant a show garden you might ask? Well, there are some essentials you can’t live without…

  • A bucket (to hold all your tools)
  • A kneeler (12 hours a day on your knees on a hard surface can take its toll)
  • Micro snips (to clean up every damaged leaf or faded flower from the near perfect plants)
  • A trowel
  • A micro shovel
  • Fine gardening gloves (my favourite are Showa)
  • A good set of waterproofs
  • A hat (effective in sun and rain)
  • Stamina
  • An eye for detail
  • A good sense of humour
  • A deep love of tea and biscuits, early mornings and long days
  • Great organisation (we had Dan Riddleston, from Bowles and Wire Contracts)

Then on Friday 8th May, the planting began.

It all started with the underplanting of a beautiful Hawthorn hedge, just coming into bloom, with ferns, foxgloves, white campion (Silene latifolia), and Erigeron karvinskianus. A great way to start ten days of planting, you might think, but the clue is in the name, even with gloves and arms covered, the hawthorn had a way of pulling up your sleeves and attacking your arms to such a degree that it looked as though I had been attacked by a very vicious feline. But it did look beautiful once finished the following day!

On Saturday and Sunday, Darren and I made good start by getting all of the larger shrubs and specimen Euphorbias into place and the landscaping team dug out and backfilled the soil across the garden so that the varying levels were accurate and ready to plant. We had several floating platforms and steps that were to be underplanted with ferns (mainly Asplenium scolopendrium) and a great ground cover ivy, Hedera helix ‘Ivalace’, and this had to be completed quickly so that we could get on to planting around them. We also needed to finish planting the stone walls and the margins below them. Tiny ferns were squeezed into the gaps between the stones in the shade and tiny plug plants of Erigeron karvinskianus in the sunnier spots, together with pink and white valerian (Centranthus).

By Monday we were ready to start on the main areas that would make or break the design. The rest of the team arrived and a selection of our chosen plants arrived from Kelways.

We started in the shade at the back of the garden with a fantastic selection of plants to work with. You always fall in love with a few plants when you do a show garden, most of them you know already, but it’s a bit like bumping into an old friend that you haven’t spent enough time with over the years, and when you meet them again, you realise how much you loved them and can’t quite believe you left it so long. My rekindled friendships in the shady parts of the garden were with sweet woodruff (Galium odoratum), Lamium maculatum ‘White Nancy’, lily of the valley (Convalaria majalis), Brunnera macrophylla ‘Jack Frost’ and the common and white foxgloves. The planting style was to be natural, evoking feelings of wonderment and enchantment. We were trying to create a landscape where the plants looked like they had self-seeded and spread naturally, but not crowded each other out. A delicate balance!

It all seemed to be working... everyone was pulling together as a team, we were all having fun, creative ideas bouncing around and producing lovely planting combinations. With four days to go the garden was really starting to come together!

We had completed the shady woodland areas and were ready to move into the sun, just in time for the weather to change with a vengeance. On Thursday, the rain came. We battled all day, trying to keep the plants from getting damaged and keep to schedule, but we called it a day at 5pm, the first early finish since we had started planting and prayed for the sun to return on Friday so that we could make up the time.

The gods of gardening were on our side and at 6.45am the next day when we were queueing for the gates of the Royal Hospital to open so that we could assess the damage, the sun appeared and didn’t leave us until the garden was finished.

I met up with some more old friends and made some new ones when planting the front of the garden in the sun. Cow parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris) and the pink cow parsley (Pimpinella major ‘Rosea’), planted with Geranium phaeum album, Centaurea montana ‘Black Sprite’, Nectaroscordum siculum and Euphorbia ‘Goldener Turm'.

Euphorbias were in abundance on the garden, some to look out for are Euphorbia ‘Blue Haze' and Euphorbia cyparissias ‘Fens Ruby’, both beautifully compact and delicate. Euphorbia x pasteurii is a shrubby form, growing up to 8ft tall and well worth hunting out.

We finished planting at 8.30pm on Sunday, 17th May when the judging process was in full swing. My personal total was 106 hours. The assessors were visiting to make their recommendations to the RHS judges who were due on the Monday. Any medals would be awarded after 7am on Tuesday! It was a torturous wait, we had done everything we could, but as all keen gardeners know, there is no such thing as a ‘finished’ garden!

‘GOLD’ was the text I received at 7.08am the next morning, the best news! But for me, the icing on the cake was when Monty Don said to Darren Hawkes during the coverage of the Flower Show on the BBC, ‘I love your gentle planting!’. Thank you, Monty!

More information on the Brewin Dolphin Garden designed by Darren Hawkes for the Chelsea Flower Show 2015 can be found at and at